Causes, Symptoms, Tests & Treatment, Malvern Melbourne VIC

The term thyroid nodule refers to an abnormal development of thyroid gland cells that form a lump within the thyroid gland. A thyroid nodule can be noncancerous (harmless) or cancerous (malignant) and could be filled up with liquid or thyroid gland cells. Thyroid nodules occur more in women than in men frequently. The chance of developing thyroid nodules might increase as we age group.

The reason behind most thyroid nodules is not known, but lack of iodine can cause thyroid nodules. Chronic swelling of the thyroid (Hashimoto’s disease) that leads to reduced thyroid gland activity may also cause thyroid nodules. Thyroid nodules do not cause any observeable symptoms in most cases. However, if the nodule is very large, it can compress other structures in the cause and neck of the guitar pain, difficulty in swallowing or deep breathing, change or hoarseness in tone of voice, and goiter (enlargement of thyroid gland).

If the cells in the nodule produce thyroid human hormones, the nodule may produce symptoms of hyperthyroidism such as unexpected, unexplained weight reduction, nervousness, muscle weakness, increased appetite, sleep problems, and quick or irregular heartbeat. Sometimes thyroid nodules occur in patients with Hashimoto’s disease leading to dry skin, hair loss, bloating in the true face, intolerance to cool, exhaustion, and unintentional weight gain. Since most patients with thyroid nodules do not have symptoms, most nodules are uncovered by the doctor during a routine physical examination of the neck or imaging tests.

  • Growth your calcium intake
  • Create a specialty
  • Increase your natural resting metabolism
  • Take a Probiotic Supplement

Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy: Your doctor will use an extremely slim needle to withdraw cells from the thyroid nodule and are analyzed under a microscope. Thyroid check out: A thyroid scan is a nuclear medicine test which allows your doctor to check how well the thyroid gland is functioning. Ultrasound of the thyroid: It uses sound waves to produce images of your body. This test uses a lubricating gel and a transducer rubbed on the neck to check out the scale and consistency of the thyroid gland. Thyroid stimulating hormone Test (TSH test): This test steps blood degrees of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which is released by your pituitary gland. Treatment depends upon the type of thyroid nodule.

If a thyroid nodule is not cancerous, careful follow-up is the only recommended treatment. This follow up may involve a repeated thyroid biopsy and an ultrasound following the analysis. Sometimes levothyroxine (thyroid hormone) drug may be recommended to reduce the production of the thyroid hormone if the nodule is non cancerous. Your physician could use radioactive iodine to lessen the size and activity of the nodule in patients with overactive nodules. This treatment shouldn’t be given for women that are pregnant and women being treated with radioactive iodine should avoid pregnancy.

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