Australian Investors Association

An asset class is a category of investments that exhibit similar characteristics in the market place. Understanding what things to expect from each asset class helps you make appropriate investment decisions based on your varying needs and timeframes. Financial theory shows that by buying several asset class traders can diversify their investments and reduce risk while maintaining an overall target return. You can find four main types of asset classes, each categorised into either protective or growth. The table below features the characteristics of every asset class.

Suitable for investors who have a brief term outlook, a low tolerance to risk, or if market volatility is high. Offers a stable and low risk income, similarly by means of regular interest obligations usually. No recommended minimum timeframe. Could be more volatile than cash, but are relatively steady still. Generally operate just as as a loan.

Income return is usually by means of regular interest obligations for an decided period of time. Includes a higher risk than set interest but less risk than equities. Less liquid than other asset classes resulting in a higher recommended minimum timeframe. Admittance and leave costs higher significantly. Returns usually include capital growth or loss and income through dividends which might be franked (ie the company has already paid tax on the earnings). The most volatile asset course but over long periods of time, on average, has achieved higher investment comes back. Involves part ownership of the ongoing company, enabling investor to talk about in the gains and future development.

Currency valuations make a difference performance of International equities. Historically, markets have tended to operate in cycles where periods of financial downturn have typically been accompanied by periods of development. The Economic Clock illustrates this routine. This clock (which is also known as the Investment Clock) first made an appearance in 1937 in England.

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The economic clock is pictorial overview of the financial cycle and demonstrates that as an economy goes through its routine there generally is a time for you to buy certain types of investments and perhaps times not to buy. Generally, the routine starts with a maximum in interest rates and after interest rates fall, the share market rises, accompanied by a growth in commodities, then inflation and lastly property.

Interest rates then rise to curb inflation and then the cycle goes into decline and so the cycle goes on. Investors can use the financial clock as a tool to understand the economic (or growth and bust) routine and determine where in fact the economy is in the cycle at any given time. Obviously the clock is not foolproof but it could be used as a model for depicting the normal sequence of occasions for the talk about and property marketplaces. Investors can take advantage of proof from history to time their long term investments. Diversification is the practise of “not sticking all of your eggs in a single container”.

Investing across lots of asset classes is normally accepted to be a valid risk management strategy. This is of diversification is reducing risk by investing in a variety of assets within a profile. The rationale behind diversification is that a stock portfolio of different investments will, on average, produce higher returns and pose a lower risk than any individual investment within the stock portfolio.