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He caught his hand in the moving rollers as he attemptedto remove the hardwood and needed his forearm surgically amputated. An offset printing press operator lost his right hand while wanting to remove dried ink on a moving roller using a rag. The safeguard covering the lower ink train rollers had been flipped up, revealing the rollers.
The rag got captured in a nearby roller, pulling the employee’s hands in to the in-going nip point. The worker immediately strike the press stop button, however the roller rotated one-half change before stopping. His hand was experienced and crushed to be amputated at the hospital. Source: OSHA IMIS Accident Investigation Database.
As with most machinery, you can rely on primary safeguarding solutions to protect employees against accidental injuries when working with printing presses. Install guards on all mechanical hazard points that are accessible during normal procedure -such as accessible in-going nip factors between rollers and power-transmission apparatus (chains and sprockets). Safeguard nip point risks with barrier guards or nip guards. Nip guards need to be designed and installed without creating additional hazards.
Install fixed hurdle guards, with tamper-proof fasteners, at rollers that do not require operator access. Properly designed, applied, and managed safeguarding devices (such as presence-sensing devices and mats) may also be used to keep your body out of machine risk areas. However, these control circuit devices are no replacement for lockout/tagout.
Install visual warning devices of sufficient number and brightness and locate them so that they are readily noticeable to press workers. Make sure that audible alarms are noisy enough to be noticed above background sound. Provide a caution system that activates for at least 2 seconds prior to machine movement. Use additional secondary safeguarding methods such as safeguarding by location and safe work (operating) procedures for printing presses. Make sure that all press providers receive appropriate guidance and training until they could work properly on their own. Prohibit employees working with or near printing presses from wearing loose clothing or jewelry and require them to secure long hair with a net or cap.
Conduct periodic inspections to ensure conformity. Perform servicing and maintenance under a power control program in accordance with the Control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout), 29 CFR 1910.147, standard. Sometimes, OSHA recognizes that some minor servicing might have to be performed during normal creation functions, so a lockout/tagout exception is allowed.
See the 29 CFR 1910.147(a) (2)(ii) Note for details. One particular control method that does offer effective alternative protection is the inch-safe-service technique when it is used together with the main drive control. This system is given in the American National Standards (ANSI B65.1 and ANSI B65.2) for web- and sheet-fed printing presses and binding and finishing equipment, respectively.
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Also, interlock guards and presence-sensing safeguarding devices, if properly designed, applied and maintained, would be considered effective security also. Source: 29 CFR 1910.147(a)(2)(ii) Note. Applicable Standards – 29 CFR 1910.147, Control of harmful energy (lockout/tagout). 29 CFR 1910.212, General requirements for many machines. 29 CFR 1910.219, Mechanical power-transmission apparatus. Roll-forming and roll-bending machines perform metal bending primarily, rolling, or shaping functions.
Roll-forming is the procedure of bending a continuing strip of metallic to gradually form a predetermined shape using a self-contained machine. Roll-forming machines contain a group of rolls that may or might not have braking systems. Roll-forming machines may also perform other processes on the steel, including piercing holes, slot machine games, or notches; stamping; flanging; and stretch-bending. Roll-forming and roll-bending machines are setup and controlled by one person frequently.